Genetically Modified (GM) Crops

Genetic engineering, also called genetic modification [GM], is the direct human manipulation of an organism's genome using modern DNA technology. It involves the introduction of foreign DNA or synthetic genes into the organism of interest ... The first organisms genetically engineered were bacteria in 1973 and then mice in 1974 ... GM foods were first put on the market in 1996.


The genetically modified foods controversy is a dispute over the relative advantages and disadvantages of genetically modified (GM) food crops and other uses of genetically-modified organisms in food production. The dispute involves biotechnology companies, governmental regulators, non-governmental organizations and scientists ...

The key areas of political controversy related to genetically engineered (GE) food are food safety, the effect on natural ecosystems, gene flow into non GE crops and corporate control of the food supply.

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